Emily Bradfield PhD - Founder of Creative Ageing Special Interest Group, British Society of Gerontology
Presentation Title: Creative Ageing: An Overview from the British Society of Gerontology
Back in 2019, a group of PhD students and Early Career Researchers working at the intersection between creativity, health and ageing, gravitated towards one another. Realising that much of this work was happening in silos, they created the Creative Ageing SIG, under the umbrella of the British Society of Gerontology. As an international community of interest, the SIG aims to bring together researchers, practitioners and other stakeholders to support a diverse range of interests and explore what it means to age creatively. In this presentation, Emily Bradfield (Founder and Co-Chair) will introduce the Creative Ageing SIG and its journey so far.
Bill Randall EdD- Emeritus Professor of Gerontology (St Thomas University); Visiting Fellow, Emmanuel College
Presentation Title: Ageing as Adventure: Parts I and II
Karen Skerrett PhD - Clinical psychologist; affiliate of University of Chicago and Northwestern University
Presentation Title: Wither Wisdom: Promoting later life development in challenging relational narratives
While the literature on ageing has been consistently focused on the importance of exercise, balanced nutrition and preventive care to enhance the quality and length of our lives, a new factor has begun to dominate scholarly attention- that of the necessity of close relationships. Personal relationships have now been shown to be the most important determinant of healthy, happy lives; having a greater effect on lifespan than social status, genes or baseline IQ. Close relationships can serve as the crucible for individual and relationship growth and change, fostering the developmental tasks of generativity, integrity and acceptance in later life. Yet, this time of life can also bring challenges to individuals’ ability to repair or deepen connections. Long-standing unresolved hurts and misunderstandings, out of syn developmental needs, foreclosed storylines and greater vulnerabilities can present relationships with new dilemmas to navigate. This presents opportunities for partners to update their stories in ways that will enhance later life adjustment. This presentation will consider the occurrence of incompatible storylines and the role of wisdom to unblock, leverage and enhance relational movement toward more resilient outcomes.
Father Lee Taylor - Priest-in-Charge, Llangollen Group of Churches, Valle Crucis, Wales, UK
Presentation Title: Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Implications for the Spiritual Adventure
In the summer of 2023, I travelled to the USA to take part in the Near Death Experience Spectrum at The Monroe Institute, a stunning setting in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia. As a researcher in Out-of-Body and Near-Death experiences, and having read Robert Monroe’s books, I was compelled to know more when I read the following on the Institute’s website: “Knowing that death isn't the end, but simply a transition, can alter your world in spectacular ways! During this Monroe program, you will explore the nonphysical universe by entering the same realms encountered by those who have experienced an Near Death Experience.” Monroe’s Out-of-Body experiences led him to map out various energy systems or ‘territories’, as he called them, that can be accessed by shifting consciousness to higher and deeper states. Another way of understanding this might be to refer to these ‘territories’ as realms, dimensions or bandwidths of consciousness. Jesus described heaven as a place with many dwellings or mansions (John 14). However, Monroe wanted to avoid using religious or mystical language to describe these territories so he numbered them as ‘Focus Levels’.
Albert Banerjee PhD - Research Chair in Community Health and Aging, St. Thomas University (STU)
Presentation Title: Contemplative Aging As A Contribution Towards A Gerontology For Mortals: Some Preliminary Notes
In this presentation, I am proposing a revitalized research agenda that moves beyond control-oriented approaches to healthy aging and instead seeks to foster a capacity to live well as mortal beings. This agenda builds on the tradition of critical and humanist gerontology in general, and narrative and contemplative gerontology in particular. I have termed this a gerontology for mortals, because it takes the condition of human mortality as its point of departure. This is to say that it understands that we are beings that live within finite time, within an ontology of impermanence, and that change – gain and loss – are normal part of living. To understand ourselves as mortal is also to understand ourselves as embodied, vulnerable, meaning-making creatures that require care. I will illustrate the kind of research shift such an agenda would encourage by drawing on an ongoing study of yoga and meditation in both Canada and India.
Clive Baldwin PhD - Canada Research Chair in Narrative Studies, Professor in Social Work St. Thomas University, NB Canada
Presentation Title: Narrative Adventuring As We Age
Many years ago, I wrote a piece, coining the phrase ‘narrative dispossession’ – the process whereby people living with dementia were denied the possibility of storying their lives by the dominance of the beginning-middle-end, necessarily mimetic, conception of what a narrative was. In subsequent pieces, I attempted to outline ways in which we might challenge this dominance and thus help people living with dementia to repossess their stories – and thus their ‘Selves’. Twenty years on, I realize that I, too, am in danger from narrative dispossession – but of my own making. As we age, the linearity of our stories – of my story – seems to become all the more pressing. I plan more for endings than I do beginnings – retirement, academic legacy, even my eventual death and funeral. Now, while on the one hand such planning is sensible and maybe even required, on the other I wonder and worry about what this linearity does to my sense of Self. In this thought piece, I want to play with the notion of non-linearity in life storying, the creativity of unnatural narratives, and the possibilities of believed-in imaginings in shaping a more open, wider story of life – past, present, and future.
Matte Robinson PhD - Associate Professor and Chair of English, St. Thomas University, NB Canada
Presentation Title: H.D. On Ageing As Spiritual Adventure
Modernist author H.D. (Hilda Doolittle) began writing her major long poems during WWII, when she was in her fifties. She had been a writer for decades, having founded a literary movement, Imagism, just prior to the first World War, and produced novels and poems, edited little magazines, and lived among her fellow modernists. Along with the poetry, H.D. began a series of memoirs, journals, and novels, weaving together threads from her past, her present, her deepening sense of spirituality, and the many communities she intersected with. Composing her most complex and epic work into the seventh and last decade of her life, she concluded with the spiritual autobiographic long poem Hermetic Definition, which shares her initials and is both an acknowledgement of the aging process and a reinvention of that process as a developmental adventure. In this presentation, Matte will facilitate a conversation introducing H.D. to interdisciplinary narrative (gerontology) studies and vice-versa.
David Amigoni PhD - Professor of Victorian Literature and Director of Keele Institute of Social Inclusion, Keele University
Presentation Title: Literature, Ageing, Innovation: Bernardine Evaristo's Mr Loverman as adventure in modes, intertexts, sex
Del Lowenthal PhD- Emeritus Professor of Psychotherapy & Counselling, University of Roehampton
Presentation Title: Death, inauthentic narratives, concealing involvements, and the therapeutic use of photographs
This presentation first considers as part of the initial conceptual framing, the notion that if we can face death as part of life we can live more authentically (Heidegger 1927). Otherwise, our narratives, and life involvements’ cathectic-evaluative orientations (which can also involve us physically, intellectually, socially, emotionally, spiritually, ideologically, etc and might be considered moral, alienative and/ or calculative) are driven to conceal our death and other unthinkable anxieties (Menzies 1960).
The use of psychotherapy to enable narratives to come to mind that can interplay with appropriate life involvements is considered. Here, in the ‘what’ and ‘how’ of individuals as they age, story-telling can be explored to alleviate old and new constrictions to their potencies and potentialities. Through some therapeutic spaces such explorations may be enhanced through ‘free associations’ (Freud’s 1895) and non-linearity (Deleuze & Guattari 1980).
Oddgeir Synnes PhD - Professor of Health Humanities at VID Specialized University, Oslo, Norway
Presentation Title: Nostalgia, Poetry, And Dementia
«Perhaps the only cure or temporary relief of the symptoms of homesickness can be found in aesthetic therapy…» (Svetlana Boym, 2001, p. 252) For several years I have been engaged in a project of crafting poetry together with persons living with dementia (Synnes et al. 2021; 2023). One of the most striking aspects of the poems is the location in place, they are grounded in an emotionally charged landscape, with significant others. To understand the prominence of place I will draw on philosopher Edward Casey’s (1987) phenomenological arguments on nostalgia. While nostalgia has become synonymous with the longing for a past, Casey sees nostalgia very much as connected to place, as in the original meaning of nostalgia (the greek word ‘nostos’ meaning return home). This longing for a return home is for Casey concerned with origins and foundations of the self. What we miss when we are nostalgic is “a world, a way of life, a mode of being-in-the-world… a world as it was once established in a place” (p. 363). In this presentation, I will read the importance of these poems in the way they evoke a phenomenological lifeworld that the poets once belonged to. Furthermore, experiences of nostalgia cannot be separated from the present situation (Davis, 1979) which might suggest the importance of these poems as they provide a connectedness, a belonging, and a sense of continuity when living with dementia.
Laura Davies PhD - Lecturer in Literature, Kings College Cambridge; Director of Good Death Project
Presentation Title: Living and Dying Well': Reflections On Life From Those Who Are Dying
Drawing on her experience of designing and running poetry and arts workshops for the 'Living Well' group at Arthur Rank Hospice, an outpatient service for individuals with terminal diagnoses, this presentation explores the insights she has gained into the value of poetry, music and the visual arts in building confidence, widening horizons, prompting memories and questions, and forging relationships, even for those who have no prior knowledge of or interest in these activities. Three observations in particular will be discussed: the possibilities afforded by the group setting; the imaginative openness that is facilitated in different ways by narrative and non-narrative forms; and the power of encountering the new, the strange, or the uncertain. These insights, it will be suggested, do not pertain only to those in a medically-diagnosed end-of-life setting, but to all of us.
Melanie Lovatt PhD- Senior Lecturer in Sociology, University of Stirling
Presentation Title: Changing The Script: Using Forum Theatre To Reimagine The Future In Older Age
Dominant narratives of later life tend to either depict ageing as a negative transition to decline and dependency, or as an overly-positive, age-defying continuation of middle age. The lack of diverse cultural narratives of ageing can undermine the ability of people to meaningfully engage with transitions to later life and imagine potential futures (Laceulle and Baars 2014). In this presentation I discuss the potential of forum theatre to challenge reductive dominant narratives and to provide the opportunity for counter narratives of ageing futures. Forum theatre was one of several theatre techniques developed by Augusto Boal to identify systems of oppression and provide and rehearse opportunities for resistance. Working with arts company Active Inquiry on my Reimagining the Future in Older Age project, we recruited a group of older adults who devised, wrote and performed two forum theatre pieces. I suggest that forum theatre can be an effective technique in opening up conversations about the future in later life, identifying barriers to achieving future aspirations, creating counter narratives, and engaging wider audiences in these conversations.
Simon Etkind PhD– Assistant Professor of Palliative Care, Cambridge University
Presentation Title: Facing an uncertain future as we age: Distressing and paralysing, or a new adventure?
Ageing can be a time of great uncertainty. This is particularly true in relation to health, since it is the norm for people to live with serious or multiple illnesses as they age. Such illness brings with it inherent uncertainties about the future. These uncertainties can be deeply distressing, even paralysing, making it harder to make decisions and plan ahead. But does it have to be this way? This session will explore the uncertainties experienced in relation to serious illness and different responses to uncertainty. Does uncertainty always need to be a source of distress? Under what circumstances might uncertainty be interpreted rather as part of the adventure of ageing?
Bodil H. Blix RN, MSc, PhD - Professor Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT, The arctic university of Norway & Adjunct Professor at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences.
Presentation Title: Playfulness in old age: narrative care as adventure
To me, narrative care is not merely about acknowledging or listening to people’s stories. Care itself is an intrinsically narrative endeavor. In my talk, I will build on Lugones’ understanding of playfulness, particularly her call to remain attentive to a sense of uncertainty, and an openness to surprise. Playfulness cultivates a generative sense of curiosity that relies on a close attentiveness not only to the other, but to who we each are within relational spaces. Generative curiosity is only possible if we remain playful as we engage and think with experiences and if we remain responsive to the other. Through playfulness, we resist dominant narratives and hold open relational spaces that create opportunities of retelling and reliving our experiences. Drawing on my work alongside older adults, I hope engage to dialogue about the adventurous possibilities of playfulness in the relational co-composition of stories across time.
Emily Bradfield PhD - Founder of Creative Ageing Special Interest Group, British Society of Gerontology
Presentation Title: Participation, connection and flourishing: Exploring everyday creativity in later life.
Participation in everyday creativity can lead to a sense of achievement and purpose in later life. Five focus groups were conducted with healthy older people living in the community (e.g. not in residential care settings), using themes developed from a systematic review of participatory arts engagement in later life, conducted as part of my doctoral research, as a stimulus for conversation.
The participants explored their own subjective experiences of creative engagement and terms such as ‘participatory arts’ and ‘creative ageing’. Themes developed through thematic analysis were used to support a conceptualisation of ‘creative ageing’. This presentation presents findings from my PhD, challenges traditional concepts of participatory arts through exploration of older people’s subjective experiences of creative engagement, and breaks down ageist stereotypes of creativity in later life.
Bill Randall & Matte Robinson
Presentation Title: Things that Matter: Special Objects in Our Stories as we Age
The objects we hold dearest in our lives—a particular photograph or painting, an item of clothing or furniture, an obscure memento that would hold no worth for anyone else—can often be intimately entwined with our sense of identity, with key chapters or themes in the stories of our lives. They become repositories of memory and emotion whose value, for us personally, can intensify with time. We may thus be reluctant to let go of them when, for instance, “downsizing” from a house to an apartment, etc.. In this presentation, Bill Randall and Matte Robinson will outline research they have been involved in with colleagues from the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on Narrative at St. Thomas University and the edited book in which it has resulted (Things That Matter, University of Toronto press, 2023). They will explore the potential of reflecting on the significance of cherished objects in our lives to broaden our horizon self understanding and to enrich our inner development as we age.